Another thread had this solution. Works well.I don't see the positioning of your length stop. How much room between the positioning and the front of the blade do you have enough clearance?
One tip I got from Ray Feltz, when cutting very small segments, and this is a little counter-intuitive, raise your blade as high as it will go. In the position, you have it in your picture the teeth of the blade are moving forward more than downward. By raising the blade the teeth are moving downward more.
Even with a outfeed ramp and the blade up all the way you will still experience some segments that get thrown. Make sure you have a good clean, sharp blade. It also helps to have a 80 tooth or greater blade. Play attention to your feed rate. Going to fast or slow can cause more segments to be caught and tossed.I added the outfeed ramp to my zero clearance plate and that helped a lot. Next I will try putting the blade up higher.